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What is Web Hosting and how does it work?

Once you have registered your business domain name, the next step is to purchase web hosting for your business domain name with a reputable web hosting company. In this article, we will discuss how web hosting works and why you need web hosting for your business.

Website hosting is like a distributor warehouse - it stores all the pages of your website and makes them available to computers, which are connected to the Internet. When you type in your web browser, the browser requests the information and locates the IP address of your domain name, and if there is an IP address then the host will send all of your website files to the computer for people to view - if the IP does not exist it will come up with an error.

web hosting

The main task of a web hosting company is to store your website pages which includes text, images, pdf files etc and send these files to the browser. The browser will render all HTML pages including static text and images, the layout and flash animation. See the image on the left!

Web hosting companies have several thousands of computers that run web hosting sofware such as Apache, Windows Server, Linux or Unix server systems. The computers run the software 24 hours a day, seven days a week and if they have a server problem your website will be offline - usually they fix this in a very short time.

If you know a little about computers, especially windows PC, you can set up web hosting yourself. Windows PC has hosting software called Internet Information Services (IIS) - it's Microsoft's web server that operates on your PC, or you can download Apache and install it on your PC. But if you are like me and you don't know about setting up web hosting, the best way to host your website is to find a reliable and affordable Australian web hosting company. When you choose a web hosting company, make sure that their host's servers can support programming language such as PHP and MySQL database because these programming languages are very important for running websites.

Your Web Hosting FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

According to Wikipedia (, File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet. FTP is built on a client-server architecture and uses separate control and data connections between the client and the server.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard Internet protocol for transmitting files between computers on the Internet. Like the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), which transfers web pages and related files, and the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), which transfers e-mail, FTP is an application protocol that uses the Internet's TCP/IP protocols. Web designers/developers use FTP to transfer web page files from their computers to web hosting sever computers. It's also commonly used by internet users to download programs and other files to their computers from other servers.

When you purchase web hosting with your chosen web hosting company, they will set up your web hosting and issue your FTP details, which includes FTP Host, eg., Host Directory, usually public_html, Login Name, and Password. You must save this important information on your PC or print it out and put it in a safe place. You will never give this information to anyone except your web designer/developer.

Here at Desena Web Design, we have 3 web hosting packages that will suit your budget; Basic, Standard and Business. Have a look at the packages. Our web hosting packages have the following features:

  • Unlimited Data Transfer
  • Email Accounts
  • Unlimited Email Forwards
  • Cloud Hosted Network
  • PHP, MySQL & More...
  • Easy Control Panel
  • Spam & Virus Protection
  • FREE One Click Apps
  • FREE Support
  • Instant Setup